《孙子兵法》精要

 
《始计篇》是《孙子兵法》的核心所在,总揽全书的纲,讲述战争对于国家和人民根本利益的极端重要性。论述研究,谋划作战方略的伟大意义与决定战争胜负的基本条件,提出“攻其不备,出其不意?的经典军事理论。

《作战篇》从用兵对国家经济力的影响,阐明长期作战对国家的危害,论述用兵出征既有拓展疆土,争夺财富的有利一面,又有耗费国力,祸害百姓的有害一面。指出“因粮于敌”,“胜敌而益强”的战略原则。提出“兵贵速,不贵久”的经典军事理论。

《谋略篇》论述“上兵伐谋”的作战思想,分析军事谋略,政治谋略与外交谋略在战争中的重要作用,总结出不同形势下的不同用兵方法和预知战争胜利的几种基本情况,提出“知己知彼,百战不殆”的经典军事理论。

《军形篇》论述依据敌我双方军事实力的强弱而决定攻守的战略思想,解析“先为不可胜,以待敌之可胜”的作战原则,提出“修道而保法”等一系列达到自保而全胜目的的军事理论。

《兵势篇》着重分析在对敌军实施战略进攻中如何从战略上运用“奇正”结合的原则,创造一种高屋建瓴,出奇制胜的态势,提出“择人而任势”的辩证法思想,主张灵活变动的用兵策略。

《虚实篇》论述军事活动中“虚”与“实”的对立和转化的关系,特别阐明避实就虚,以实击虚的原则,强调“致人而不致于人”,掌握战争主动权的重要性,提出“避实而就虚”,“因敌而制胜”的经典军事理论。

《军争篇》阐述在战争中为将者必须把握的基本战略和战术,着重论述如何变不利条件为有利条件,总结战争规律,探索出在战争中夺取制胜条件的基本方法,提出“用兵之法”的八条原则。

《九变篇》论述在战争中必须根据敌情和地形的变化灵活处置,变通应敌,分析战场上经常遇到的各种需要变通应敌的情况和方法,提出有备无患的战略思想和作为将帅应防止与克服的五种重大险情。

《行军篇》论述行军作战的战略要领,诸如行军时如何安营扎寨,如何观察和利用地形,如何判断敌情,总结历史上诸多战争的经验,列举出三十余种观察判断敌情的方法,提出“令之以文,齐之以武”的治军原则。

《地形篇》论述地形在作战中的重要性和各种地形条件下的作战原则,指出将帅必须从战场实际出发,按战争规律办事,“进不求名,退不避罪,惟人是保”,以克敌制胜。强调将帅要重视对地形的考察和研究,并提出“知己知彼,胜乃不殆;知天知地,胜乃不穷”的经典军事理论。

《九地篇》论述在九种不同战略地形下作战的原则,指出如何因地制宜,因利乘便,发挥将士的战斗积极性。研究九种不同地形对军队产生的不同心理影响和如何加强军队战斗力的问题,指出“投之亡地然后存,陷之死地然后生”的经典军事理论。

《火攻篇》总结过去军队火攻的经验,论述火攻的作用,对象,条件种类和实施方法,指明运用火攻应注意的各种问题以及应采取的灵活策略,主张“非利不动,非得不用,非危不战”战略原则,提出“主不可以怒而兴师,将不可以愠而致战”的慎战思想。

《用间篇》论述在战争中如何运用间谍的问题,包括使用间谍的重要性,间谍种类的划分,间谍使用的方法等。分析不同种类间谍的特色及使用价值,强调“反间”的特殊重要性。明确提出“三军之事,莫亲于间,赏莫厚于间,事莫密于间”的用间三原则,总结出“明君贤将,能以上智为间者,必成大功”的历史规律。

Category: 心情 / 生活
You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.
No Responses
  1. Someone essentially help to make severely articles I might
    state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and up to now?
    I amazed with the analysis you made to create this actual publish extraordinary.
    Fantastic activity!

  2. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is really informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future.

    Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  3. I have been browsing online greater than three hours as of
    late, but I by no means discovered any interesting article
    like yours. It’s pretty price enough for me.
    Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content as
    you probably did, the web can be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  4. Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured
    I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing a blog
    article or vice-versa? My site addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and
    I believe we could greatly benefit from each other.

    If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an email.

    I look forward to hearing from you! Wonderful blog by the way!

  5. Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that
    it’s truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing.

    Cheers!

  6. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our
    community. Your website provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive
    job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  7. Hello, the whole thing is going nicely here and ofcourse every one is sharing
    facts, that’s actually good, keep up writing.

  8. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i got here to return the choose?.I’m attempting to to find issues
    to improve my site!I assume its ok to make use of some
    of your ideas!!

  9. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous
    to and you’re just too magnificent. I really like what you’ve
    acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise.
    I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is really a great web site.

  10. Hello! Quick question that’s completely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My website looks weird when viewing from my iphone.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to correct this issue.

    If you have any recommendations, please share. Appreciate it!

  11. I don’t know if it’s just me or if everyone else encountering issues with your site.
    It appears as if some of the written text on your content are
    running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and
    let me know if this is happening to them as well? This could be a problem with my web browser because I’ve
    had this happen before. Cheers

  12. Awesome! Its genuinely amazing post, I have
    got much clear idea about from this piece of writing.

  13. Outstanding post but I was wanting to know if you could write a
    litte more on this topic? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
    Many thanks!

  14. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and
    I to find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I am hoping to provide something back and help others such as you helped me.

  15. I am really impressed together with your writing talents as well as with the format in your blog.
    Is this a paid topic or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it’s uncommon to see a great weblog like this one nowadays..

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*
To prove you're a person (not a spam script), type the security word shown in the picture. Click on the picture to hear an audio file of the word.
Anti-spam image